Journal cover Journal topic
History of Geo- and Space Sciences An open-access journal
Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 1, 1-12, 2010
© Author(s) 2010. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
01 Apr 2010
Early Japanese contributions to space weather research (1945–1960)
A. Nishida Retired from: Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Japan
Home: 2-9-25 Tamagawa-Gakuen, Machida, Tokyo 194-0041, Japan
Abstract. Major contributions by Japanese scientists in the period of 1945 to 1960 are reviewed. This was the period when the foundation of the space weather research was laid by ground-based observations and theoretical research. Important contributions were made on such subjects as equatorial ionosphere in quiet times, tidal wind system in the ionosphere, formation of the F2 layer, VLF propagation above the ionosphere, and precursory phenomena (type IV radio outburst and polar cap absorption) to storms. At the IGY (1957, 1958), research efforts were intensified and new programs in space and Antarctica were initiated. Japanese scientists in this discipline held a tight network for communication and collaboration that has been kept to this day.

Citation: Nishida, A.: Early Japanese contributions to space weather research (1945–1960), Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 1, 1-12,, 2010.
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