Journal cover Journal topic
History of Geo- and Space Sciences An open-access journal
Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 7, 73-77, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-7-73-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Short note
14 Sep 2016
After some 350 years – zero declination again in Paris
Mioara Mandea1 and Jean-Louis Le Mouël2 1CNES – Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales, 2 Place Maurice Quentin, 75039 Paris CEDEX 01, France
2Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Univ. Paris Diderot, UMR7154 – CNRS, 1 rue Jussieu, 75238 Paris CEDEX 05, France
Abstract. The main part of the geomagnetic field – produced by a dynamo process in the Earth's outer core – changes its direction and strength in time, over timescales from months to centuries, even millennia. Its temporal variations, known as secular variation and secular acceleration, are crucial ingredients for understanding the physics of the deep Earth. Very long series of measurements therefore play an important role. Here, we provide an updated series of geomagnetic declination in Paris, shortly after a very special occasion: its value has reached zero after some 350 years of westerly values. Indeed, during October and November 2013, the declination at the Chambon la Forêt geomagnetic observatory changed from westerly to easterly values, the agonic line then passing through this place. We take this occasion to emphasize the importance of long series of continuous measurements.

Citation: Mandea, M. and Le Mouël, J.-L.: After some 350 years – zero declination again in Paris, Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 7, 73-77, https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-7-73-2016, 2016.
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