Journal cover Journal topic
History of Geo- and Space Sciences An open-access journal
Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 8, 57-67, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-8-57-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Review article
01 Aug 2017
Steponas Kolupaila's contribution to hydrological science development
Gintaras Valiuškevičius Department of Hydrology and Climatology, Vilnius University, M. K. Čiurlionio 21, 03101 Vilnius, Lithuania
Abstract. Steponas Kolupaila (1892–1964) was an important figure in 20th century hydrology and one of the pioneers of scientific water gauging in Europe. His research on the reliability of hydrological data and measurement methods was particularly important and contributed to the development of empirical hydrological calculation methods. Kolupaila was one of the first who standardised water-gauging methods internationally. He created several original hydrological and hydraulic calculation methods (his discharge assessment method for winter period was particularly significant). His innate abilities and frequent travel made Kolupaila a universal specialist in various fields and an active public figure. He revealed his multilayered scientific and cultural experiences in his most famous book, Bibliography of Hydrometry. This book introduced the unique European hydrological-measurement and computation methods to the community of world hydrologists at that time and allowed the development and adaptation of these methods across the world.

Citation: Valiuškevičius, G.: Steponas Kolupaila's contribution to hydrological science development, Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 8, 57-67, https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-8-57-2017, 2017.
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This article presents the most important facts on the life and scientific achievements of Steponas Kolupaila (1892–1964) – one of the most famous hydrologists of the 20th century. This Lithuanian scientist is especially well known for his book Bibliography of Hydrometry.
This article presents the most important facts on the life and scientific achievements of...
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