Journal cover Journal topic
History of Geo- and Space Sciences An open-access journal
Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 9, 53-63, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-9-53-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Review article
04 May 2018
The development of the Australian Space Forecast Centre (ASFC)
Phil Wilkinson1,*, John A. Kennewell2,1,*, and David Cole1,* 1IPS, Bureau of Meteorology, Sydney, Australia
2Australian Space Academy, Perth, Australia
*retired
Abstract. The Ionospheric Prediction Service (IPS) was formed in 1947 to provide monthly prediction services for high frequency (HF) radio, in particular to support HF communications with the United Kingdom. It was quickly recognized that to be effective such a service also had to provide advice when ionospheric storms prevented HF communications from taking place. With the advent of the International Geophysical Year (IGY), short-term forecasts were also required for research programmes and the task of supplying the Australian input to these was given to Frank Cook, of the IPS, while Jack Turner, also of the IPS, supervised the generation of ionospheric maps to support high latitude HF communications. These two important IGY activities formed the platform on which all future IPS services would be built. This paper reviews the development of the Australian Space Forecast Centre (ASFC), which arose from these early origins.
Citation: Wilkinson, P., Kennewell, J. A., and Cole, D.: The development of the Australian Space Forecast Centre (ASFC), Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 9, 53-63, https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-9-53-2018, 2018.
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Short summary
The Australian Space Forecast Centre (ASFC) had its origins in the International Geophysical Year (IGY), 1957–58, when a need arose for short-term forecasts of the near-space environment to support the IGY scientific programmes. Skills developed during the IGY provided the platform for building the current space weather services, which take advantage of internet communications, a wide range of space-based imagery and our significantly enhanced scientific knowledge of the space environment.
The Australian Space Forecast Centre (ASFC) had its origins in the International Geophysical...
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